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Origin of the Igneous Rocks

We can find the mineral composition of igneous rocks by means of studying the chemical composition of the magma from which the rock has been crystallized. Because there is a large variety of igneous rocks, thus it was originally thought an equally large variety of magma also existed. But the later research found out that there are only two types of magma existed and all types of igneous rocks were derived from them.

Volcanic Activity and Plate tectonics

According to the plate tectonic theory, there are three principal zones of volcanic activities: (i) spreading centers, (ii) subduction zones, (iii) regions within the plates themselves. Let us first study the origin of magma and its relations to plate tectonics. Origin of Magma: Basaltic Magma: Most basaltic magma is believed to originate in partially molten …