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Volcanoes and their types

A volcano is a vent or fissure in the earth’s crust through which hot lava and volcanic gases are thrown out. Volcanic eruptions may be either explosive or quiet. The earth’s upper mantle (asthenosphere), under the crust, is nearly molten. Magma originates at this depth. They migrate upwards, often along faults. In a volcano, the …

Global distribution of Volcanoes

According to improved knowledge of ocean floor, topography, and geology the entire Pacific Ocean floor constitutes a very large tectonic plate with smaller Cocos and Juan de Fuca Plates. Most of the global volcanic activity is concentrated at convergent plate boundaries. The majority of the world’s active volcanoes lie along the Pacific Ring of Fire. …