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Volcanoes and their types

A volcano is a vent or fissure in the earth’s crust through which hot lava and volcanic gases are thrown out. Volcanic eruptions may be either explosive or quiet. The earth’s upper mantle (asthenosphere), under the crust, is nearly molten. Magma originates at this depth. They migrate upwards, often along faults. In a volcano, the …

What are Calderas (Volcano)?

The empty chamber of a volcano formed after the completion of the eruption is known as the Caldera. As the eruption of the volcano comes to an end, the vent and crater remain as a hollow shaped cavity. According to H.J de Blij, “A volcano‘s lava and pyroclastics come from a subterranean magma chamber, a …