structural Geology

Structural Geology

Structural Geology is a branch of geology that focuses on the study of the three-dimensional architecture of rocks and how they were formed. This field studies how geological structures such as folds, faults, joints, and veins were created due to geological processes like tectonic movements, earthquakes, and erosion. Structural geologists use various methods such as mapping, cross-section construction, and geophysical techniques to study the internal structure of rocks and minerals. This information is crucial in understanding the evolution of Earth’s crust and how geological processes shape the planet’s surface over time. Additionally, structural geology plays an important role in the exploration and development of natural resources, as well as in the evaluation of geohazards such as earthquakes, landslides, and sinkholes.