Plantation farming is carried out on large plantations. A plantation is defined as a large estate owned by an individual or corporation which is organized to produce a cash crop. Presently, the plantation farming is in practice in the following regions of the world:
- South Asia: Tea (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka).
- South East Asia: Rubber (Malaysia, Indonesia).
- Central & South America: Sugar, Coffee, Cocoa.
- West & East Africa: Tea
Features of Plantation Farming:
- In plantation farming, mostly a single crop is produced on a large scale.
- Plantations exist in tropical developing countries which provide cheap local labour.
- The plantation is well-organized either by a foreign individual firm or by a local owner.
- Main crops grown on the plantations include tea, coffee, banana, sugarcane, rubber, spices, coconut and cocoa.
- Heavy agricultural machinery such as tractors, harvesters, etc is used in addition to the human labour.
- Plantation farming was introduced by European colonists in their former colonies. But now mostly these plantations are run by local owners.