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Plantation Farming

Plantation farming is carried out on large plantations. A plantation is defined as a large estate owned by an individual or corporation which is organized to produce a cash crop. Presently, the plantation farming is in practice in the following regions of the world:

  1. South Asia: Tea (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka).
  2. South East Asia: Rubber (Malaysia, Indonesia).
  3. Central & South America: Sugar, Coffee, Cocoa.
  4. West & East Africa: Tea

Features of Plantation Farming:

  • In plantation farming, mostly a single crop is produced on a large scale.
  • Plantations exist in tropical developing countries which provide cheap local labour.
  • The plantation is well-organized either by a foreign individual firm or by a local owner.
  • Main crops grown on the plantations include tea, coffee, banana, sugarcane, rubber, spices, coconut and cocoa.
  • Heavy agricultural machinery such as tractors, harvesters, etc is used in addition to the human labour.
  • Plantation farming was introduced by European colonists in their former colonies. But now mostly these plantations are run by local owners.

Related Farmings:

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