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Forest Resources of the World.

Forests play an important role in making the countries prosperity, pollution free and beautiful. Main function of the forest are as below:

  1. The forests give a beautiful look to a landscape.
  2. The forests make the climate temperate.
  3. The trees help to control erosion of soil.
  4. The forests act as an ideal habitat for wild life.
  5. The trees are a source of timber and firewood.
  6. The trees purify the atmosphere.
  7. The trees are a source of fruit and rubber.
  8. The forests offer recreation spots.
  9. Forest ecosystems are important components of the biosphere.
  10. Forests provide a wide range of essential goods such as wood, food, fodder, and medicine.

According to international standards, at least 25 % area of a country should be covered by forests. Almost all the developed nations fulfill this requirement. Presently, Russia is at top with 3.28 million square miles of forest area followed by Brazil (2.1 sq.m) and Canada (9,44,294 sq.m).

Forest Area percentage of the Countries

Sr. Countries Total Area of (000HA) Forests 2005 Percentage
1. DPR Koria 12041 6187 51.4
2. Indonesia 181157 88445 48.8
3. East Timor 1487 708 53.7
4. Paraguay 39730 18475 46.5
5. Puerto Rico 887 408 46.4
6. Brunei 527 278 52.8
7. Bahamas 1001 151 51.5
8. Vietnam 32549 12931 39.7
9. USA 915896 303089 33.1
11. Albania 2740 794 29.0
12. Sierra Leone 7162 2754 38.5
13. China 932742 197290 21.2
14. Ghana 22754 5517 24.2
15 Liberia 9632 3154 32.7

East Timor has 53.7 percent of its total land area under forest cover which is highest rate in the world. Brunei is the second with 52.8 % of its total area. Bahamas lies third in number with 51.5 percent of its total land area. Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is fourth with 51.4 %.

Forest in Continents:

South America leads all other continents with 47.4 percent land area under forests. Europe is second with 44.3 % and North and Central America thrid with 32.9 % area under forest cover.

Continents Total Land Area Forest Area 2205 %age
South America 1753646 831540 47.4
Africa 2962656 635412 21.4
Europe 2960180 1001394 44.3
North, Central America 2143910 705849 32.9
Asia 3097913 571577 18.5
Oceania 849116 206154 24.3
World: 13067421 3952025 30.2
FOREST AREA IN THE CONTINENTS

 

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