Fisheries are very important for man because they provide huge amount of food in the shape of fish. About 38 million people around the world are emplyed in this occupation. in 2005, total amount of fish captured amounted to 22 kilograms per capita at international level. Thus, the global harvest of fish is about 140 million metric tons. Ocean and seas are the largest source of fish with 90% of the world production whereas the remaining comes from the rivers, lakes and farms.

Fish Catching Areas:

Presently, China is the largest of fish followed by Peru, Chile, Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, USA, India and Russia. About two third of total fish haul is consumed as food while the rest is used as fertilizers or feed. About 70% of the commercial fish is obtained from the Northern Hemisphere with the greatest catches taken between the Philippines and Japan. Other major fishing areas include the North Atlantic, North Pacific and North Sea. The most important areas of Southern Hemisphere are the Pacific coasts of Peru, Chile and the South Africa. Majority of fish haul comprises of herrings, sardines and anchoves. Other species of fish include cod, haddock, hake, redfish, sea bream, macherel, tuna and salmon.

Major fish catching nations (millions metric tons)

Sr. No. Countries Continents Production
1. People’s Republic of China Asia 49500
2. Peru Latin America 9400
3. India Asia 6300
4. Indonesia Asia 5500
5. USA North America 5300
6 Chile L. America 500
7. Japan Far east Asia 4800
8. Thailand Asia 3700
9. Veitnam Asia 3360
10. Russian Federation Asia/Europe 3300
11. Norway Europe 3000
12. Philippine Asia 2800
13. Myanmar Asia 2210
14. Bangladesh Asia 2200
15. South Korea Asia 2070
16. Iceland Europe 1700
17. Mexico N. America 1400
18. Malaysia Asia 1390
19. Taiwan Asia 1320
20. Canada N. America 1230
21. Spain Europe 1070
22. Brazil L. America 1000

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