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Course Content


The study of the composition, structure, physical properties, and history of Earth’s components, and the processes by which they are shaped.


The science that studies the terrestrial surface, the societies that inhabit it, and the territories, landscapes, places or regions that form it.


The study of the atmosphere, its processes, and interactions with other systems.

  • Climatology
  • Paleoclimatology
  • Atmospheric chemistry
  • Atmospheric physics
  • Paleotempestology


The study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean.

  • Biological oceanography
  • Physical oceanography
  • Paleoceanography
  • Limnology
  • Marine geology


The branch of science, which deals with celestial objects, space, and the physical universe as a whole.
  • Astrophysics
  • Solar Astronomy
  • Stellar Astronomy
  • Galactic Astronomy
  • Extra-galactic Astronomy
  • Physical Cosmology
  • Astrobiology
  • Astrochemistry
  • Astrophysics
  •  Planetary geology
  • Selenography
  • Theoretical planetology


The branch of science concerned with the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the environment and their effect on organisms.

  • Ecology
  • Geochemistry